Double aneuploidies account for 0.21–2.8% of spontaneous abortions resulting from chromosomal abnormalities. Rarely, cell-free DNA testing detects multiple aneuploidies; however, to discern among maternal, placental, and fetal origin, further evaluation is required.
A 49-year-old woman, gravida 5 para 0, underwent cell-free DNA testing at 11 4/7 weeks of gestation, which revealed a fetus that was high risk for trisomies 18 and 21. On ultrasonography at 14 weeks of gestation, she was diagnosed with a missed abortion and underwent surgical management. Fetal and placental tissues were sent for analysis and were positive for trisomies 18 and 21, confirming the results of cell-free DNA testing.
Our case highlights the ability of cell-free DNA testing to recognize a double aneuploidy confirmed by fetal tissue analysis.