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Unverifiable Accomplishments and Publications on Applications for Gynecologic Oncology Fellowships

Frumovitz, Michael MD, MPH; Kriseman, Maya L. MD; Sun, Charlotte C. DrPH; Blumenthal-Barby, Jennifer PhD; Sood, Anil K. MD; Bodurka, Diane C. MD; Soliman, Pamela T. MD, MPH

doi: 10.1097/AOG.0b013e31824206e9
Original Research

OBJECTIVE: Selection of physicians for fellowships in obstetrics and gynecology subspecialties has become increasingly competitive. The number and quality of research publications is an important factor in the selection process. We sought to estimate the incidence of unverifiable publications among gynecologic oncology fellowship applicants.

METHODS: We reviewed the applications to a single gynecologic oncology fellowship program during 2004–2008. Articles and book chapters reported as published, in press, submitted, or in progress were searched for systematically by three reviewers using PubMed and Google. χ2 analysis was used to evaluate associations between demographic factors and unverifiable publications.

RESULTS: Two hundred forty-three applications met the inclusion criteria. Of the 35 applicants who listed membership in Alpha Omega Alpha, four (11%) were not listed on the organization's web site as inductees. Of the 464 articles reported as published or in press, only 387 (83%) could be verified. Of the 148 applicants who reported at least one published or in press article, 44 (30%) had at least one unverifiable publication. On multivariable analysis, only male gender increased the likelihood of unverifiable (“ghost”) publications (odds ratio 2.1, 95% confidence interval 1.1–4.1). Of the 282 manuscripts reported as submitted or in progress, only 126 (45%) were published. Of the 124 applicants who reported at least one submitted or in progress manuscript, 88 (71%) had at least one unverifiable manuscript.

CONCLUSION: The proportion of unverifiable publications listed on gynecologic oncology fellowship applications is concerning. Stringent review of applications before interview invitations and match list submission is warranted.


A considerable proportion of applicants to a gynecologic oncology fellowship program lists unverifiable accomplishments on their applications.

From the Department of Gynecologic Oncology, the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, and the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and the Center for Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.

See related editorial on page 493 and related article on page 498.

Supported in part by the National Institutes of Health through the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center's Support Grant, CA016672.

Corresponding author: Michael Frumovitz, MD, MPH, Department of Gynecologic Oncology, CPB6.3244, Unit 1362, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1155 Herman Pressler, Houston, TX 77030; e-mail:

Financial Disclosure The authors did not report any potential conflicts of interest.

© 2012 by The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Published by Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.