To reduce maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy by using an active model of guideline implementation.
This study used a preintervention and postintervention cohort comparison design. We interrogated the British Columbia Perinatal Database Registry for 6 years of existing prospectively gathered data (fiscal years 2000–2001 to 2005–2006), introduced the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy guidelines, and assessed the incidence of the combined adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes for the next 2 years (fiscal years 2006–2007 and 2007–2008). The combined adverse maternal outcome was maternal death, life-threatening, or life-altering complications. The combined perinatal outcome included the severe complications of prematurity and hypoxic–ischemic encephalopathy.
Eighteen thousand seventy-six women were diagnosed with hypertensive disorder of pregnancy in British Columbia from 2000–2001 to 2007–2008. Outcomes were compared preguideline (n=13,150 deliveries) and postguideline (n=4,926 deliveries) implementation. The incidence of the combined adverse maternal outcome decreased from 3.1% to 1.9% (relative risk 0.60, 95% confidence interval 0.48–0.75). There was a concomitant fall in the incidence of the combined adverse perinatal outcome.
The active introduction of standardized management of women with a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy is associated with reduced maternal and perinatal risk.
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