Simpson, Kathleen Rice PhD, RNC*; James, Dotti C. PhD, RNC†
From *Labor and Delivery, St. John's Mercy Medical Center, St. Louis; and †School of Nursing, Saint Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri.
Supported by a Technology Grant from the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses (AWHONN) sponsored by Philips Medical Systems, Andover, Massachusetts, St. John's Mercy Medical Center Perinatal Nursing Research Fund, and Saint Louis University Beaumont Faculty Development Grant.
Address reprint requests to: Dr. Kathleen Rice Simpson, 7140 Pershing Avenue, St. Louis, MO 63130, St. John’s Mercy Medical Center, St. Louis, MO; e-mail: [email protected].
Received November 29, 2004. Received in revised form February 26, 2005. Accepted March 3, 2005.