Objective To improve culture methods for the detection of group B streptococcus colonization.
Methods This study prospectively compared the standard culture medium, a blood agar plate, to a selective culture medium, Todd Hewitt broth with antibiotics, and compared vaginal culture with rectal culture at the first prenatal exam.
Results Of the 383 vaginal swabs received for evaluation of the two culture media, 78 (20.4%) were positive for group B streptococcus. The detection rates of the blood agar plate method and the Todd Hewitt broth with antibiotics were 64.1 and 97.4%, respectively. Using the Todd Hewitt broth with antibiotics, an additional 94 patients were cultured vaginally and rectally. Twenty-nine (30.9%) had positive cultures. The rate of detection was 58.6% for the vaginal culture, 89.7% for the rectal culture, and 100% for both culture sites combined.
Conclusion These data indicate that culture detection of group B streptococcus can be improved by using both a selective broth medium and a dual vaginal and rectal culture.
Address reprint requests to: Elliot H. Philipson, MD, Hartford Hospital, 85 Jefferson Street, Hartford, CT 067025037
© 1995 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists