To determine whether closure of Camper fascia prevents the development of superficial wound disruption after cesarean delivery.
During a 1-year period, 438 women undergoing cesarean delivery were randomized into groups with and without approximation of Camper fascia with absorbable suture during closure of the abdominal incision. All women received routine postoperative care following our departmental guidelines. We reviewed charts after the puerperium to identify women with postoperative superficial wound disruption and to obtain demographic and delivery information for analysis.
We found a significantly higher incidence of wound disruption in the group without the suture than in those in whom the tissue was approximated (P=.03). Four or more vaginal examinations and higher body mass index were also associated with a higher incidence of wound disruption (P=.05 and P=.04, respectively). Logistic regression correction for covariables that might influence the results of our main analysis revealed no effect of maternal age, parity, indications for cesarean delivery, duration of labor, duration of ruptured membranes, duration of surgery, use of internal monitoring, type of incision, use of antibiotic prophylaxis, surgeon's level of training, or maternal diabetes mellitus and/or hypertension.
Approximation of Camper fascia with absorbable suture at closure of the abdominal incision during cesarean delivery appears to protect against postoperative superficial wound disruption and is therefore recommended. (Obstet Gynecol 1992;80:1013-6)