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LITTLE BERTIS B. MA PhD; SNELL, LAURA M. MPH; KLEIN, VICTOR R. MD; GILSTRAP, LARRY C. MD
Obstetrics & Gynecology: February 1989
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Cocaine abuse during pregnancy has been reported to be associated with a variety of fetal complications and with preterm labor. In this cohort study, pregnancy outcome and health status of infants born to 53 cocaine abusers were compared with those of another group of 100 unexposed women and their infants. Significantly more (P < .05) pregnancies of abusers were associated with preterm labor. In addition, significantly more (P < .05) infants had complications at birth (ie, meconium, tachycardia). Infants born to cocaine abusers also had significantly lower (P < .05) birth weight than infants of controls, and an excess of congenital cardiac anomalies (P < .01). (Obstet Gynecol 73:157, 1989)

© 1989 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists