In this prospective blind study, 735 patients with high-risk pregnancies referred for antepartum testing of fetal well-being were randomly assigned to either a fetal biophysical profile scoring (375 patients) or a nonstress testing scheme (360 patients). Management was based on the results of antepartum tests, but the method of testing used was not disclosed. Fetal biophysical profile scoring resulted in a significantly higher positive predictive value in regards to low Apgar scores. Sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy, although higher with fetal biophysical profile scoring, did not demonstrate significant differences when compared with the nonstress test. The negative predictive value between the two methods was similar. All major anomalies were detected during ultrasound scanning, whereas none of these anomalies were detected by heart rate testing alone.