This study describes the use of routine vaginal iodine staining and other screening procedures for the detection of vaginal adenosis in 3871 postpubertal female patients. Iodine staining identified 65 patients with nonstaining areas in the vagina. Colposcopy verified the presence of vaginal adenosis in 11 of the 65 patients. Directed biopsies confirmed the diagnosis in 10 patients. The iodine staining procedure detected vaginal adenosis in only 1 patient who did not have a positive history of DES exposure or coexisting physical findings. Iodine staining of the vagina has little value as a screening procedure for the detection of vaginal adenosis. Based on these findings, a careful medical history and vaginal examination are recommended as the most productive routine screening procedures for vaginal adenosis. Evaluation and followup of those patients with a history of DES exposure in utero or physical findings suggestive of vaginal adenosis should include vaginal Papanicolaou smears supplemented by colposcopy at 6-month to 1-year intervals. Colposcopically directed biopsies of all abnormal areas should be obtained.
© 1976 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists