Three previous reports of neonatal pneumothorax and/or subcutaneous emphysema secondary to amniocentesis are reviewed and a fourth case added. The amniocentesis producing this unusual complication was frequently a dry tap, performed on a mother in labor at term or postterm. Careful attention must be paid to the indications for such amniocentesis. If amniocentesis is performed under these circumstances, the obstetrician should inform the pediatric staff that the neonate is at risk because of this complication.
© 1974 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists