In a trio of prospective studies, the iCare rebound tonometer demonstrated significantly lower test-retest variability than Goldmann tonometry with good interoperator and interdevice reproducibility, supporting its value in monitoring intraocular pressure (IOP) changes over time.
The purpose of this study was to characterize intraoperator and interoperator and interdevice reliability of IOP measurements with rebound tonometry (RT, ic100).
Three prospective cross-sectional studies were conducted in distinct sample of adult patients with established glaucoma, suspected glaucoma, or no glaucoma at the West Virginia University Eye Institute. Participants in study 1 underwent 5 RT measurements in one randomly selected eye and 5 Goldmann tonometry measurements in the fellow eye by 1 operator; intraoperator variability was compared using the F test. In study 2, 3 operators each obtained 3 RT measurements in participants in randomized operator order. In study 3, a single operator collected 3 measurements each with 3 RTs in randomized device order. Between-operator and between-device reproducibility were characterized using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs).
Overall, 28, 19, and 25 subjects participated in the 3 respective studies. Within-subject variance across subjects was 0.757 in RT measurements and 2.471 in Goldmann measurements (P=0.0035). Interoperator reproducibility of RT measurements was good in both eyes [ICC for right eyes 0.78, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.60-0.85; ICC for left eyes 0.75, 95% CI: 0.50-0.83]. Interdevice reproducibility of RT measurements was good approaching excellent (ICC for right eyes 0.87, 95% CI: 0.83-0.90; ICC for left eyes 0.89, 95% CI: 0.86-0.91).
The RT’s lower measurement variability and good interoperator and interdevice reproducibility suggest that it can characterize IOP changes over time more robustly than Goldmann tonometry, aiding clinicians in assessing the effectiveness of glaucoma therapy and the consistency of IOP control.