The purpose of this study was to compare corneal topography and densitometry measurements in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) and healthy subjects.
Patients and Methods:
A total of 200 eyes of 75 patients with POAG and 125 healthy controls underwent corneal topography and densitometry (Oculus Pentacam HR). The data compared in the 2 groups were: anterior chamber angle, anterior chamber depth, and anterior chamber volume, keratometry (Kminimum, Kmaximum, and Kmean), central corneal thickness, central anterior elevation, anterior elevation apex, maximum anterior elevation, and posterior elevation apex. Densitometry measurements were made at 3 depths on a 12-mm-diameter circle divided into 4 concentric rings (0 to 2, 2 to 6, 6 to 10, and 10 to 12 mm). The diagnostic capacity of the corneal variables was assessed through the areas under the receiver operating characteristics curve.
The corneal density of practically all depth layers and total corneal density were significantly higher in the POAG than the control group (P<0.05). Total corneal density was positively correlated with age (r=0.623; P<0.001) and also showed a good diagnostic capacity for glaucoma [area under the curve=0.617; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.541-0.697; P<0.001]. In a multiple linear regression designed to assess its relationship with age, sex, central corneal thickness, and Kmean, age emerged as a significant confounder both in controls (coefficient=0.315; P<0.001; 95% CI: 0.246-0.384) and patients (coefficient=0.370; P<0.001; 95% CI: 0.255-0.486).
Corneal densitometry measurements showed a good diagnostic capacity for POAG suggesting this type of examination could have clinical applications in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma.