Although this sample with glaucoma had preserved central vision, they presented worse reading performance compared with similarly aged controls.
To determine whether patients with glaucoma with preserved central vision have impaired reading performance compared with healthy controls.
A cross-sectional study of 35 patients with glaucoma and 32 similarly aged controls with visual acuity better than 0.4 logMAR in both eyes. Each participant had a detailed ophthalmological examination followed by a 5-chart reading performance test using a Portuguese version of the Minnesota Low Vision Reading Test (MNREAD). Correlation between reading performance (reading speed) and ocular parameters was investigated.
Participants had an average age of 63.0±12.6 years. In the glaucoma group, mean deviation in the better and worse eyes was −6.29±6.36 and −11.08±0.23 dB, respectively. There was no significant difference in age, sex, rage, education, visual acuity, or systemic comorbidities between groups. Participants with glaucoma had significantly slower reading speeds, with an average of 83.2±25.12 compared with 102.29±29.57 words per minute in controls (P=0.006). Reading speed was slower for all 5 charts. Odds of glaucoma increased by 1.29 (95% confidence interval, 1.07-1.56; P=0.009) for each 10 words per minute decrease in average reading speed, with this relationship maintained after accounting for age, schooling, and visual acuity.
Patients with mild to moderate glaucoma had worse reading performance compared with similarly aged controls, despite both having preserved central vision.