To compare the safety and efficacy of XEN gel implant surgery (Allergan Inc., Irvine, USA) in patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEXG) and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG).
Prospective, interventional study in a tertiary glaucoma center.
Fifty-seven eyes (43 patients) with POAG and 53 eyes (42 patients) with PEXG with uncontrolled intraocular pressure (IOP) despite medical treatment underwent combined XEN+cataract surgery or standalone XEN surgery. Mean IOP, mean number of medications at 1-year follow-up, needling rates, and incidence of adverse effects (AE) were analyzed. Complete success, defined as an IOP lower than 16▒mmHg without medications at 1 year, was also analyzed.
Combined XEN+cataract surgery was performed in 72% of POAG and 75% of PEXG eyes (P=0.674), the remainder underwent standalone XEN surgery. Patient characteristics were similar between the two groups except for higher age for the PEXG patients (78.5±8.5 vs. 71.3± 8.7▒y; P<0.001). Mean medicated IOP was 19.8±5.8 (POAG) and 19.7±8.2 (PEXG) at baseline (P=0.98) and 13.9±4.6 (−29.8%) and 13.6±4.3▒mmHg (−31%) at 1 year (P=0.87), respectively (P<0.01). Mean medications dropped from 1.9±1.6 (POAG) and 2.0±1.3 (PEXG) preoperatively to 0.4±0.8 and 0.5±0.8, respectively at 1 year (P<0.001). 42% (POAG) and 63% (PEXG) eyes achieved complete success (P=0.06) at 1 year. Needling was done in 36.8% (POAG) versus 37.7% (PEXG) (P=0.923).
The XEN gel implant as a standalone or combined procedure demonstrated similar efficacy and safety results in PEXG and POAG eyes.
*Glaucoma Research Center, Montchoisi Clinic, Swiss Vision Network, Lausanne, Switzerland
†Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Denver, CO, USA
‡Narayana Nethralaya, 63, Bannerghatta Road, Hulimavu, Bangalore, India
Supported in part by the Swiss Glaucoma Research Foundation, Lausanne, Switzerland. K Mansouri and A Mermoud have previously received speaking honoraria and research support from Allergan Inc.
Disclosure: The authors declare no conﬂict of interest.
Reprints: Kaweh Mansouri, MD, MPH, Glaucoma Research Center, Montchoisi Clinic, Swiss Vision Network, Lausanne, Switzerland (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received June 12, 2018
Accepted July 28, 2018