Ahmed Valve and Baerveldt shunt are efficacious options in vitrectomized eyes. Baerveldt implant achieves a lower mean intraocular pressure (IOP) at 2 years, with fewer medications and a higher percentage of medication-free patients.
To investigate and compare the efficacy and complications between Ahmed FP7 Glaucoma Valve (AGV) and Baerveldt 101–350 Glaucoma Implant (BGI) in vitrectomized eyes.
Materials and Methods:
In this single-center randomized clinical trial, 43 vitrectomized eyes (39 patients) underwent glaucoma drainage device implantation. Eyes were randomized to receive either an AGV (FP7) or a BGI (101–350) and were followed for 2 years. Surgical success was defined as an IOP measurement≤18 mm Hg and≥5 mm Hg with or without glaucoma medication at 2 or more sequential visits after 3 months. The primary outcome was the comparison of the success rate at 2 years, while mean IOP, mean number of medications, and number of complications were considered secondary outcomes.
Kaplan-Meier estimates of the 2-year success rates in IOP control after GDD implantation were similar between the 2 groups; AGV group 81.8% (95% CI: 67.2%–99.6%) and BGI group 85.7% (95% CI: 72.0%–100.0%), (log-rank test P value = 0.74). Patients in the BGI group had a statistically significant lower mean IOP compared with the AGV group in all follow-up visits at 2, 6, 12, and 24 months (11.62 vs. 17.45 mm Hg at the latter P value <0.001). The BGI group required a significantly lower number of medications for IOP control at the 2-year visit compared with the AGV group (0.76±0.99 vs. 1.5±1.06 P value = 0.02) but had a higher number of complications (62% vs. 41%, respectively).
GDDs provide a viable solution for IOP control in vitrectomized eyes. Based on our prospective comparison, both Ahmed FP7 Glaucoma Valve and Baerveldt 101–350 Glaucoma Implant are efficacious options.