*Department of Ophthalmology, The Jikei University School of Medicine
†Health Science, The Jikei University Graduate School of Medicine, Tokyo
§Centre for Preventive Medicine, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Tokyo Japan
‡Department of Preventive Medicine, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan
∥Department of Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases and promotion of Health Checkup, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Sciences, Niigata, Japan
This research was financially supported by a research grant commissioned by Japan Society of Ningen Dock [grant number: 2018-7, principal investigator (PI): Dr Ryo TERAUCHI]; the Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare (MHLW) Sciences Research Grant (Comprehensive Research on Lifestyle Related Diseases including Cardiovascular Diseases and Diabetes Mellitus, 20FA1021, PI: Dr Takashi WADA).
The authors thank everyone at the institutes who kindly provided the data for individuals receiving annual health examinations. This research was supported by the Research Committee for the Mega Database of Japan Society of Ningen Dock. The Japan National Federation of Health Insurance Societies financially supported this study in database construction, but they were not involved in this research activity.
Disclosure: T.N.: personal fees—Topcon Corp, during the conduct of the study; grants—CREWT Medical Systems, Kyowa Medical, Kuribara Medical Instruments, Tomey, MSD, Pfizer, Alcon Japan, NIDEK, AMO Japan, Bayer, IOL Medical, All Nippon Airway, Japan Airlines; personal fees—Nitto Medic, Nikon, Carl Zeiss; grants and personal fees—Kowa, Otsuka Pharmaceutical, Senju Pharmaceutical, Santen Pharmaceutical, outside the submitted work. The remaining authors have no conflicts of interest.
Reprints: Ryo Terauchi, MD, PhD, Department of Ophthalmology The Jikei University School of Medicine 3-25-8, Nishi-shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan (e-mail: [email protected]).
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