When compared with cataract surgery in glaucoma patients, trabecular micro-bypass and goniotomy resulted in a large decrease in the incidence of intraocular pressure (IOP) spikes, a modest effect on IOP, and a minimal effect on medication burden.
To compare changes in IOP and ocular hypotensive medications in 3 surgical cohorts: cataract surgery, cataract surgery with trabecular micro-bypass (cataract/trabecular), and cataract surgery with goniotomy (cataract/goniotomy).
Materials and Methods:
We included 138 eyes diagnosed with open-angle glaucoma: (1) 84 eyes with cataract surgery alone, (2) 25 eyes with cataract/trabecular surgery, and (3) 29 eyes with cataract/goniotomy surgery. We compared the groups for postoperative IOP and the number of ocular hypotensive medications. We adjusted for preoperative IOP, and preoperative and postoperative number of ocular hypotensive medications. We defined an IOP spike as IOP ≥21 mm Hg and 10 mm Hg higher than preoperative on postoperative day 1.
All 3 surgeries showed a decrease in IOP (P≤0.004) and medication burden (P≤0.001) at 3 and 6 months postoperatively when compared with their own preoperative baselines. When compared with cataract surgery alone, cataract/trabecular and cataract/goniotomy had similar IOP lowering at 1 month postoperatively, and variable results at 3 and 6 months. The change in ocular hypotensive medications was not statistically different between the surgical groups at any postoperative visit. Cataract/trabecular and cataract/goniotomy decreased IOP on postoperative day 1, and had relative risk reduction of ~70% for IOP spikes (P≤0.001 for both).
Trabecular micro-bypass and goniotomy when added to cataract surgery resulted in a large decrease in IOP spikes, a modest effect on IOP, and a minimal effect on medication burden when compared with cataract surgery alone in glaucoma patients.