Long-term prognosis of primary angle-closure was assessed after lens extraction (LE) according to different mechanisms of angle closure (AC). Patients with pupillary block (PB) had a higher probability of glaucomatous progression than patients with plateau iris configuration (PIC).
The aim was to investigate and compare the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis of primary angle-closure disease (PACD) after LE according to different mechanisms of AC.
In this retrospective observational cohort study, 118 eyes with PACD that underwent LE (mean follow-up; 6.0±3.5 y after surgery) were included. PACD eyes were categorized into three subgroups according to their dominant AC mechanisms, determined by anterior segment optic coherent tomography obtained before LE; PB, PIC, and exaggerated lens vault (ELV). Postoperative glaucomatous progression was determined according to functional (visual field) or structural (optic disc photographs or optic coherent tomography measured retinal nerve fiber layer thickness) criteria. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the risk factors associated with glaucomatous progression.
Fifty-two, 51, and 15 eyes with PB, PIC, and ELV, respectively, were included. All eyes showed significant intraocular pressure reduction, with a greater reduction in the ELV group than in the PB group after LE (27.0% vs. 12.5%, P=0.018). Lower baseline retinal nerve fiber layer thickness [odds ratio (OR): 0.966, P=0.004] and thinner central corneal thickness (OR: 0.985, P=0.021), and the PB group (OR: 2.891, P=0.022, reference to PIC group) were significantly associated with glaucomatous progression after LE.
In eyes with PACD, glaucoma progression was observed following LE despite reduced intraocular pressure. The probability of progression was highest in eyes with pupil block as a mechanism of AC. Close monitoring of glaucoma in these patients is suggested.