Laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) widened the iridocorneal angle and flattened the iris circumferentially in Caucasian eyes and baseline refractive error, lens vault, and iris volume play a significant role in the angle widening.
The purpose of this study was to investigate circumferential angle widening and iris changes after LPI using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) in Caucasian eyes with the use of novel anterior segment parameters.
Materials and Methods:
A total of 130 eyes (68 primary angle-closure suspect, 34 primary angle closure, and 28 primary angle-closure glaucoma eyes) of 66 subjects underwent 360-degree SS-OCT (SS-1000 CASIA) angle imaging and gonioscopy in the dark before and 7, 30, 90 days after LPI. For each eye, 16 frames (11.25 degree apart) were selected for analysis from 128 cross-sectional images, and novel 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional anterior segment parameters namely angle opening distance area (AODA) and the trabecular-iris space volume (TISV) 750 µm from the scleral spur, as well as iris parameters such as iris thickness (IT750 and IT2000), iris curvature, and iris curvature area were measured for each image.
AODA and TISV were significantly increased and the iris curvature and iris curvature area were significantly decreased at days 7, 30, and 90 after LPI when compared with their baseline (all P<0.001) but there was no significant change in the IT750 and IT2000 (all P>0.05). The multivariable linear regression model showed a significant association of ΔAODA with refractive error (β=−0.23, P=0.013), lens vault (β=2.8, P=0.007), and iris volume (β=−0.11, P=0.027) after adjusting for age and sex.
LPI widened the iridocorneal angle and flattened the iris circumferentially in Caucasian eyes in this study. Baseline refractive error, lens vault, and iris volume play a significant role in the circumferential angle widening by LPI.