The aim was to determine whether 24-hour recording of intraocular pressure (IOP)-related ocular dimensional changes with a contact lens sensor (CLS, Triggerfish) is associated with the rate of visual field (VF) progression in primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) patients.
This was a retrospective, observational cohort study.
Patients with POAG were included from the Glaucoma Clinic and Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study at the Hamilton Glaucoma Center at University of California, San Diego.
A session of 24-hour CLS recording was acquired for 1 eye from each patient. The mean follow-up time was 9.9±4.0 years. The association between CLS variables and rate of change of mean deviation was determined by univariate and multivariate mixed linear regression models.
Thirty-two patients, aged 69.8±13.6 years were included, 50% were female. An average of 11.6±5.6 standard automated perimetry examinations was available with a mean rate of mean deviation progression of −0.2±0.4 dB/year. Mean IOP was 17.8±4.2 mm Hg. The mean number of IOP-lowering medications were 1.2±1.0. Each 10-unit larger nocturnal variability of IOP-related ocular dimensional changes measured by CLS recording was significantly associated with −0.25±0.11 dB faster VF loss in POAG patients (P=0.035).
Twenty-four-hour CLS recording of IOP-related ocular dimensional change was associated with faster VF progression. Such CLS recordings are useful to assess the risk of in progression in POAG patients.