Retrospective analysis of 38 suprachoroidal glaucoma stent implantations showed sudden intraocular pressure (IOP) elevations to >30 mm Hg in 37% of eyes, 39% needing additional glaucoma surgery, and a success rate at 12 months of 24%.
To study the efficacy and safety of suprachoroidal stent in everyday clinical practice at a tertiary glaucoma center.
Materials and Methods:
This retrospective single-center consecutive case series involved patients treated at Helsinki University Hospital with the CyPass Micro-Stent. Preoperative IOP was ≥18 mm Hg. Success was IOP between 6 and 18 mm Hg and lowering of IOP at least 20% from baseline without an increase in glaucoma medications over baseline or use of oral acetazolamide, and no subsequent glaucoma surgery.
Of the total 38 eyes of 33 patients, 17 had primary open-angle glaucoma, 16 had exfoliative glaucoma, 2 each had uveitic glaucoma or steroid-induced glaucoma, and 1 had pigmentary glaucoma. Median preoperative IOP was 25.8 [interquartile range (IQR), 9.7] mm Hg with a median of 3 (IQR, 2) glaucoma medications. Kaplan-Meier estimate of median survival time was 79 days (95% confidence interval, 37-121 d). Success rate at 12-month follow-up was 24%. Sudden IOP elevation to over 30 mm Hg occurred in 14 eyes (37%). Highest IOP was 68 mm Hg. IOP peaks occurred between 1 week and 8 months after the surgery. In total, 43% of those with IOP elevation to >30 mm Hg had no symptoms. After the CyPass implantation, 15 eyes (39%) needed additional glaucoma surgery within a median of 167 (IQR, 109) days.
Suprachoroidal stenting in a heterogenous clinical population resulted in a high incidence of sudden IOP peaks with a low success rate.