Overhead mounted spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) enables high-quality imaging of the optic nerve and macula in childhood glaucoma, and is particularly useful when standard tabletop OCT has failed or is not possible.
Tabletop OCT, integral to adult glaucoma management, can be limited in childhood glaucoma patients because of young age, poor cooperation, and/or technical challenges. To address these imaging difficulties, we determined the feasibility and quality of an overhead mounted unit in childhood glaucoma. Secondary aims included evaluation of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL), parafoveal total retinal thickness, and parafoveal ganglion cell complex (GCC) thickness.
Materials and Methods:
Children and adults with a diagnosis of childhood glaucoma were imaged with an overhead mounted spectral-domain OCT as part of a prospective cross-sectional study. Participants had poor quality or unobtainable tabletop OCT and were scheduled for an examination under anesthesia and/or surgery as part of standard care.
A total of 88 affected eyes in 60 of 65 (92.3%) enrolled patients (mean age, 5.9±5.9 y; range, 0.2 to 24.5) were successfully imaged. The mean image quality for analyzed scans was 22.9±6.0 dB (n=236 images). Mean values for pRNFL (80.5±31.0 µm; n=86), parafoveal total retinal thickness (301.10±39.9 µm; n=79), and parafoveal GCC thickness (96.0±21.6 µm; n=74) were calculated.
Overhead mounted OCT allowed high-quality image acquisition and analysis in childhood glaucoma patients unable to be imaged with the tabletop counterpart, presenting an opportunity for improved clinical management and study of childhood glaucoma-related pathophysiology. pRNFL, parafoveal total retinal thickness, and parafoveal GCC thickness were decreased for affected eyes of children under 6 years of age compared with age-matched controls from a companion normative study.