Combining Trabectome or iStent with phacoemulsification equally reduces intraocular pressure (IOP) and IOP-lowering medication burden during a 24-month follow-up, with a possible advantage to the Trabectome in the early postoperative period.
Intrasubject same-surgeon comparison between phacoemulsification combined with Trabectome (Phaco/Trabectome) versus one first-generation iStent (Phaco/iStent).
Private glaucoma and cataract practice.
This is a retrospective interventional case series.
Data collected at 3 to 4 and 20 to 24 hours and up to 30 months following Phaco/Trabectome in 1 eye and Phaco/iStent in the contralateral eye in patients with bilateral visually-significant cataract and open-angle glaucoma. Evaluations included IOP, intraocular pressure-lowering medications (IOPmeds), visual acuity, and complications.
Forty-five patients (90 eyes) were identified (age 76.5, 57 to 95 y). At 3 to 4 hours, IOP was above baseline in 12 and 13 eyes following Phaco/Trabectome and Phaco/iStent, respectively, but the degree of IOP elevation was smaller (P=0.048) following Phaco/Trabectome: 4.3 mm Hg, 2.0 to 6.6 mm Hg (95% confidence interval) versus Phaco/iStent: 8.7 mm Hg, 3.8 to 13.6 mm Hg. At 20 to 24 hours, compared with baseline, IOP was significantly lower after Phaco/Trabectome (P=0.004) but not after Phaco/iStent (P=0.14) although the rate of hyphema was higher following Phaco/Trabectome (12/45 vs. 2/45 eyes, P=0.007). IOP reduction from baseline at 3 to 4 hours was significantly larger (P=0.020) in the 21 eyes with hyphema: −3.9, −6.4 to −1.4 versus the 69 eyes without hyphema: −0.3, −2.0 to +1.4. At 1, 6, 12, and 24 months, IOP and number of IOPmeds were similar and significantly lower compared with baseline following either procedure. No complications were encountered in either group.
Combined phacoemulsification with either Trabectome or first-generation iStent similarly lowers IOP and IOPmeds burden at 1, 6, 12, and 24 months following surgery. The Trabectome may have an advantage in lowering IOP faster and lessening the degree of IOP elevations in the early postoperative period.