Based on 6 functional subzones of peripapillary retinal nerve fiber layer (pRNFL) thickness, the glaucoma detection ability of zone 2 and zone 4 was high and comparable with that of mean pRNFL in glaucoma groups.
To compare diagnostic performance of pRNFL subzones, mean pRNFL thickness, and macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) in mild, moderate, and severe open-angle glaucoma.
Materials and Methods:
One hundred eighty-one patients with open-angle glaucoma (318 eyes: 122 mild, 60 moderate, and 136 severe glaucoma) and 70 normal subjects underwent spectral-domain optical coherence tomography measurements. FORUM software was used to determine subzone pRNFL thickness mapping the visual field to the optic disc (6 zones). The thickness and area under the receiver operating curve (AUROC) of each parameter were compared between groups. DeLong’s method was used to compare AUROCs between mean pRNFL and mGCIPL and each zone of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography parameters.
Mean pRNFL thickness (99.81±10.06 μm) and mGCIPL thickness (83.24±5.91 μm) were higher in controls compared with glaucoma (67.42±13.22 and 63.31±10.85 μm; P<0.001). Mean pRNFL had the best diagnostic performance in mild (0.957) and severe (1.000) glaucoma. Of the 6 zonal parameters, zone 2 (associated with the inferior temporal sector) best discriminated glaucomatous changes between controls and mild and moderate (0.941 and 0.988). Zone 4 (associated with the superior temporal sector) best discriminated glaucomatous changes between controls and severe glaucoma (0.998). AUROCs for zone 2 and zone 4 were not significantly different from mean pRNFL and mGCIPL in all glaucoma groups (all P>0.0038).
Mean pRNFL had the best diagnostic performance in mild and severe glaucoma. Glaucoma detection ability of zone 2 and zone 4 was high and comparable with that of mean pRNFL and mGCIPL in all glaucoma groups.