In this longitudinal prospective cohort study of open-angle glaucoma patients, intraocular pressure (IOP) parameters (mean, fluctuation, and maximum) had a similar effect on glaucomatous progression in the central and peripheral visual field (VF) regions.
To study the effects of IOP on rates of glaucomatous central versus peripheral VF progression.
The African Descent and Glaucoma Evaluation Study (ADAGES) is a longitudinal prospective cohort study that recruited patients from 3 centers. A sample of those with established glaucoma were included in this study. The mean peripheral sensitivity (MPS) and the mean central sensitivity (MCS) were defined based upon the average total deviation of the peripheral and central (10 degrees) points of the 24-2 VF, respectively. Progression was based upon central and peripheral change from linear mixed-effects models. The relationships between VF progression and IOP mean, maximum, and fluctuation as continuous variables were also investigated. Main outcome measures were MPS and MCS progression rates.
A total of 452 eyes of 344 patients were studied. The mean number of VFs (SD) for each eye was 13.3 (6.4) over 9.1 (3.7) years. The mean baseline MD was −5.1 (3.9) dB and the mean rate of MD change was −0.26 dB/y [95% confidence interval (CI): −0.33 to −0.20, P<0.001]. Mean rates of MPS (−0.27 dB/y, 95% CI: −0.33 to −0.22, P<0.001) and MCS change (−0.26 dB/y, 95% CI: −0.31 to −0.21, P<0.001) were similar (P=0.351). Mean, fluctuation, and maximum IOP were significantly associated with MPS and MCS (all P<0.025).
The effect of IOP parameters on VF progression was statistically similar between central and peripheral VF regions.