We report a case of XEN45 Gel Stent removal 3 years after its implantation. The stent had degraded with a closed lumen, so a new stent was implanted.
A 63-year-old woman was scheduled for XEN45 Gel Stent implantation. Three years after the primary surgery and 2 years after a surgical revision, second revision surgery was required. The conjunctiva was opened, and the implanted XEN Gel Stent
was stripped of the adhesive scar tissues. No aqueous humor flow was seen through the stent, and therefore, the stent was removed. The intrascleral and intracameral parts had degraded. The surface of the stent was irregular and cobbled. A part of the lumen in the middle of the stent had closed.
We detected changes in the stent after its removal during the surgical revision with conjunctival opening, which is our standard approach for failed XEN Gel Stents. Most surgeons advise needling of the stent in cases of failure. However, in cases of needling, changes in the stent might not have been detected. Thus, the number of patients with similar changes as this report might be higher than the publications suggest. No unique characteristics distinguished this patient from those who had a functional XEN Gel Stent
. The stent, in this case, might have been of inferior quality as an exception, or all stents might degrade over time. Therefore, gonioscopy should be performed carefully to detect any changes in the stent. In cases of suspected stent degradation, we recommend a revision surgery with conjunctival opening and removal of the stent in cases of degradation.