To evaluate the quality of life (QoL) measures of caregivers of children with glaucoma using the Caregiver’s Congenital Glaucoma Quality of Life (CarCGQoL) questionnaire.
This was a cross-sectional study undertaken at King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. QoL of the caregivers, the main outcome, was assessed using the 20-item CarCGQoL questionnaire. Raw QoL scores of caregivers were converted to Rasch-calibrated interval level scores. A multiple linear regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with caregivers’ QoL.
Eighty-five caregivers (46 fathers and 39 mothers) aged 42.5±7.5 years were included in the study. The mean QoL score of caregivers was 0.63 (±1.05). The presence of additional children with glaucoma in the household had the strongest negative relationship with caregivers’ QoL [β=−0.75, 95% confidence interval (CI): −1.22, −0.27; P=0.003]. A poor QoL was noted with mother caregivers (β=−0.46, 95% CI: −0.87, −0.04; P=0.031) and those caring for blind children (vision <20/200 in the better eye) (β=−0.52, 95% CI: −0.98,−0.05; P=0.030) when compared with their reference groups. A 22.3% variance in the QoL score was explained by these three factors (adjusted R2=0.223).
The QoL of caregivers of children with glaucoma was poor. Caregiver’s relation to patients, additional children with glaucoma in the family and patient’s vision in the better eye could influence a caregiver’s QoL. Periodic evaluation of QoL of caregivers is recommended to plan counseling and other support services.
*King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh
†Jeddah Eye Hospital, Jeddah
§Department of Ophthalmology, College of Medicine, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, AlKharj
∥Ophthalmology Department, College of Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia
‡Department of Ophthalmology, University of Illinois College of Medicine at Chicago, Chicago, IL
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Deepak P. Edward, MD, King Khaled Eye Specialist Hospital, Riyadh 11642, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received April 16, 2019
Accepted August 17, 2019
Online date: September 25, 2019