This study is the first to report micropulse transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (MP-TSCPC) use in only good vision patients. MP-TSCPC significantly reduced intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma medication use without any significant reduction in visual acuity at every postoperative follow-up point.
To evaluate outcomes of MP-TSCPC in eyes with baseline best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of ≥20/60.
A retrospective review of patients who underwent MP-TSCPC at Mayo Clinic and Ross Eye Institute from July 2016 to August 2017 with BCVA of ≥20/60, and a minimum of 3 months follow-up.
A total of 61 eyes of 46 patients (68.80±17.12 y) underwent MP-TSCPC with a mean follow-up of 10.2±3.1 months. Mean IOP and mean number of glaucoma medications used were significantly reduced from baseline at every follow-up time point (P<0.0001). At month 12, mean IOP was reduced 40.2% from baseline with 85.4% of the patients having an IOP reduction of ≥20%, and mean glaucoma medication use reduced by 0.82±0.53 with 79.6% of the patients having a reduction of ≥1 medication. There was no significant reduction in BCVA from baseline at any follow-up point (P>0.05), except for 10 eyes with a vision loss of ≥2 lines and 5 out of 10 eyes had cataract progression. The probability of complete success (IOP range, 6 to 21 mm Hg or ≥20% IOP reduction; BCVA loss ≤2 lines, no reoperation for glaucoma) was 74.14%, 83.61%, 84.21%, and 75.0% at months 1, 3, 6, 12, respectively. The probability of qualified success (above criteria for IOP, no reoperation and BCVA loss >2 lines) was 81.03%, 91.80%, 94.74%, and 93.75% at months 1, 3, 6, 12, respectively.
MP-TSCPC should be considered earlier in the management of glaucoma and can possibly be offered as an alternative to incisional glaucoma surgeries.