A modified closure for trabeculectomy in which the conjunctiva is incised posterior to the limbus and reapproximated using 2 nylon sutures, provided similar surgical outcomes to the standard trabeculectomy closure technique.
To examine the surgical outcomes of a modified trabeculectomy closure technique in which the conjunctiva is incised posterior to the limbus and reapproximated using 2 sutures, burying the posterior conjunctiva under an anterior lip of conjunctiva.
This retrospective review included 73 eyes that underwent trabeculectomies between 2015 and 2017 at Johns Hopkins Hospital by a single surgeon. We analyzed traditional closures used from January 2015 to May 2016, and modified closures used from July 2016 to March 2017. The main outcome measures were a reduction in intraocular pressure at 3, 6, and 12 months, reduction in the number of medications at 12 months, and total number of postoperative complications.
There was no difference in reduction of intraocular pressure at 3 months (9.9±8.2 vs. 10.5±8.7 mm Hg), 6 months (10.8±9.6 vs. 10.6±8.3 mm Hg), or 12 months (12.2±8.9 vs. 10.0±9.3 mm Hg) in the standard (n=44) and modified groups (n=29), respectively. There was a similar reduction in the use of glaucoma medications in the standard group (1.2±1.5 vs. 1.0±1.1) compared with the modified group and no difference in the number of postoperative complications (25.0% vs. 17.2%, respectively) (P>0.05 for all).
The modified closure provided similar results to the standard closure for trabeculectomy. Further studies are needed to determine whether the 2 techniques differ in surgical outcomes over a longer follow-up or other surgical parameters (eg, ease, surgical time, learning curve).
*Wilmer Eye Institute, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD
†Glaucoma Department, Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore, Singapore
M.J.L. and R.P.B. contributed equally (co-first authors).
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: David S. Friedman, MD, MPH, PhD, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Wilmer 120, Baltimore, MD 21287 (e-mail: David.Friedman@jhu.edu).
Received November 30, 2018
Accepted April 6, 2019