Subscleral trabeculectomy is the most common surgical treatment for glaucoma. However, wound healing and scar formation may result in bleb fibrosis, leading to bleb failure. The healing response of the wound is reported to be the single most important risk factor in determining the final intraocular pressure (IOP) after glaucoma filtration surgery. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative beta irradiation and intraoperative mitomycin C (MMC) treatment as combined adjuncts to subscleral trabeculectomy in the management of glaucoma in Egyptian patients.
This prospective, interventional, comparative masked clinical study was performed between October 2016 and January 2018. This study included 50 subjects, 25 of whom underwent trabeculectomy augmented by MMC intraoperatively and beta radiation preoperatively at the bleb area (patient group #1). The remaining 25 subjects underwent trabeculectomy with MMC alone (control group #2). Beta radiation was administered 5 to 7 days before the surgery as a single dose (1000 cGy) using a strontium-90 probe. MMC (0.2 mg/mL) was administered for 2 minutes.
There was a statistically significant difference in postoperative IOP between the groups from the second week. Intraoperative hyphema occurred in 6 cases in the control group #2, whereas no intraoperative hyphema was observed in patient group #1; this difference was statistically significant.
Subscleral trabeculectomy augmented by beta radiation and MMC gives greater control over IOP. Therefore, we recommend using beta radiation before trabeculectomy in patients who may have a high risk of developing conjunctival fibrosis.
*Ophthalmology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Menoufia University, Menoifia
†Ophthalmology in Mataria Teaching Hospital, Cairo, Egypt
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Mohamed I. Mostafa, MBBCh, AlRehab, Cairo 11841, Egypt (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received April 28, 2018
Accepted March 22, 2019