The main aim of this article was to study the longitudinal correlation between the clinical, morphological appearance of filtering blebs with anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) in the early postoperative period.
Thirty eyes of 30 glaucoma patients scheduled for first-time trabeculectomy with 0.02% mitomycin-C were consecutively enrolled. The filtering blebs were evaluated clinically according to a grading system and with AS-OCT at day 1 and weeks 1, 2, 3, 4, and 12 following surgery. Bleb wall thickness (BWT) and bleb cavity height (BCH) were analyzed by means of horizontal and vertical AS-OCT scans.
Nineteen eyes (63%) had functioning blebs without any further surgical intervention. intraocular pressure changed from 18.4±1.3 mm Hg with preoperatively applied glaucoma medication to a mean of 9.75±1.4 mm Hg at all follow-ups postoperatively without medication. Mean BWT during follow-up was 575±47 μm; mean BCH was 295±72 μm. Nine filtering blebs (30%) showed encapsulation requiring a bleb needling. This was recognized clinically at week 3 in 4, and at week 4 in 5 cases. The tendency towards encapsulation was seen much earlier with AS-OCT, already showing a statistically thinner BWT (P=0.036) at week 1 and a higher BCH (P=0.005) at week 2 postsurgery, compared with the group with functioning blebs. As of week 3, intraocular pressure increased and was statistically significantly higher (P=0.016) compared with the group with functioning blebs. Two patients (7%) showed early scarring.
AS-OCT allows an analysis of the clinically invisible deeper layers of the filtering bleb. Characteristics of encapsulation, like higher blebs with thinner bleb walls, are sooner recognized than the clinical appearance. This might benefit the management of the postoperative period after trabeculectomy and the long-term outcome.
*Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Technische Universität, Dresden
†Department of Ophthalmology, Klinikum Chemnitz, Chemnitz, Germany
Clinical trial registration: NCT01391676.
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Soeren Waibel, MD, Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Faculty Carl Gustav Carus, Technical University, Fetscherstrasse 74, 01307 Dresden, Germany (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received November 14, 2018
Accepted January 21, 2019