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Tolerability and Functionality of a Wireless 24-Hour Ocular Telemetry Sensor in African American Glaucoma Patients

Marando, Catherine M., MD*,†,‡; Mansouri, Kaweh, MD, MPH*,§; Kahook, Malik Y., MD*; Seibold, Leonard K., MD*

doi: 10.1097/IJG.0000000000001141
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Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the tolerability and functionality of a wireless ocular telemetry sensor in African American patients with glaucoma.

Materials and Methods: In this prospective, observational cohort study, 20 African American patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) were evaluated at the University of Colorado Eye Center. Before lens placement, patients recorded ocular comfort and underwent a baseline eye exam. Following the exam, patients were fitted with a SENSIMED Triggerfish contact lens sensor and data recording device. Patients were sent home and instructed to record their activities in a journal and return in 24 hours. Repeat exams were performed at various time points in clinic before and after lens removal.

Results: All 20 patients retained the lens for the 24-hour study period. The patient reported comfort was excellent, with a nadir of mean recorded comfort of 7.05/10. Significant clinical changes were noted in lid/conjunctival erythema, BCVA, refraction, and pachymetry over the course of lens wear. The majority of these changes were improved or resolved by 1 hour after lens removal. Voltage output was significantly greater nocturnally than diurnally (184.79 mV and 71.48 mV, respectively; P<0.0001). There was no significant change in signal variability or slope over the entire duration of the sleep/wake period based on sleep.

Conclusions: The wireless ocular sensor is well tolerated over a 24-hour period in African American patients with POAG despite transient changes in visual acuity and conjunctival erythema. Clinically usable 24-hour profiles were generated for all patients, with voltage output increasing significantly during periods of sleep.

*Department of Ophthalmology, University of Colorado Eye Center, Aurora, CO

Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY

Department of Ophthalmology, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA

§Glaucoma Research Center, Montchoisi Clinic, Swiss Vision Network, Lausanne, Switzerland

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Leonard K. Seibold, MD, 1675 Aurora Court, Aurora, CO 80045 (e-mail: leonard.seibold@ucdenver.edu).

Received July 29, 2018

Accepted November 9, 2018

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