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Incidence of Open-angle Glaucoma in Newly Diagnosed Retinal Vein Occlusion

A Nationwide Population-based Study

Na, Kyeong Ik, MD*; Jeoung, Jin Wook, MD, PhD; Kim, Young Kook, MD; Lee, Won June, MD; Park, Ki Ho, MD, PhD

doi: 10.1097/IJG.0000000000001134
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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) in patients with newly diagnosed retinal vein occlusion (RVO) with that in the general population in order to determine the association between OAG and RVO.

Methods: The Korean Health Insurance Review and Assessment (HIRA) data from 2011 through 2015 was analyzed in order to determine the incidence rates of OAG in the general population and in patients with newly diagnosed RVO based on the diagnostic code. The standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) of OAG in patients with RVO were determined with respect to the age- and sex-matched general population.

Results: The incidence rate of OAG in the general population during the 3 years (2013 to 2015) was 233.98 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI, 233.21-234.76). A total of 31,722 patients with newly diagnosed RVO were identified in 2012 as the population at risk. The incidence rate of OAG in patients with RVO during the 3-year follow-up period was 1829.43 per 100,000 person-years (95% CI, 1745.49-1917.42). The expected incidence of OAG in patients with RVO was 433.69 during the 3-year follow-up period. On the other hand, the observed incidence of OAG was 1,741. The SIR of OAG in patients with RVO with reference to the general population was 4.01 (95% CI, 3.83-4.20).

Conclusions: The incidence rate of OAG in patients with RVO is significantly higher than that in the general population.

*Department of Ophthalmology, Kangdong Sacred Heart Hospital, Hallym University College of Medicine

Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine

Department of Ophthalmology, Hanyang University Hospital, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Ki Ho Park, MD, PhD, Department of Ophthalmology, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul National University College of Medicine, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Korea (e-mail: kihopark@snu.ac.kr).

Received August 20, 2018

Accepted November 2, 2018

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