To detect changes in metabolites and explore cortical plasticity at the metabolic level within the primary visual cortex through proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy in early open-angle glaucoma (OAG) patients.
A total of 23 symmetrically bilateral early OAG patients and 21 normal controls (NC) were recruited as the early OAG group and NC group, respectively. All subjects underwent a proton magnetic resonance examination, and then, the N-acetylaspartate (NAA), glutamine-glutamate (Glx), myo-inositol (Ins), choline (Cho), and creatine (Cr) concentrations within the bilateral primary visual cortex were determined. The mean NAA/Cr ratio, mean Cho/Cr ratio, mean Glx/Cr ratio, and mean Ins/Cr ratio of the bilateral sides were compared between early OAG patients and NC using the independent samples t test.
Compared with NC, the mean Glx/Cr ratio (corrected P=0.003) in primary visual cortex was significantly higher, whereas the mean Ins/Cr ratio (corrected P=0.001) was statistically lower in early OAG patients. However, no apparent difference was found in the mean Cho/Cr ratio or mean NAA/Cr ratio between the OAG group and NC group.
Abnormal metabolites were found in our study through proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and could contribute to cortical plasticity of the primary visual cortex in early OAG patients.