Evaluating the use of Indomethacin, Dexamethasone, and no anti-inflammatory treatment immediately after selective laser trabeculoplasty (SLT).
Prospective randomized clinical trial of 132 eyes. Both eyes of the patient underwent SLT. One of the eyes was treated with Indomethacin 0.1% or Dexamethasone 0.1% 3 times daily for 1 week; the other eye did not receive any anti-inflammatory treatment. Intraocular pressure (IOP) and inflammatory parameters were recorded at 1 hour, 1 week, 1, 3, and 6 months.
Cells in the anterior chamber were present in 57% to 71% of the patients after 1 hour. About 16% to 37% of the patients reported pain/discomfort after 1 hour. Redness was present before SLT in 29% to 34% of the patients, probably due to antiglaucoma medication. After 1 hour, the amount of redness recorded raised to 32% to 42%, but the amount of patients with redness returned to pretreatment levels after 1 week. An IOP peak of >5 mm Hg above baseline IOP 1 hour after laser was present in 3% to 9% of the patients. IOP lowered 11% to 21% compared with IOP at baseline. The number of medications needed changed from 1.45 to 1.49 before, to 0.23 to 0.45 six months after SLT.
No differential effects based on the kind of anti-inflammatory treatment or no treatment were found for any of the parameters.
SLT induces little inflammation: anti-inflammatory drops do not make a significant difference in pain, redness, cells in anterior chamber, or peak IOP following SLT.
The IOP-lowering effect of the SLT is not influenced by the use of Indomethacin or Dexamethasone.
*Department of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Antwerp
†Department of Experimental Psychology, Ghent University, Ghent
‡Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium
Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.
Reprints: Myrjam De Keyser, MD, Department of Medicine, University of Antwerp, Den Brem 93, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Received March 6, 2016
Accepted July 17, 2016