To report the outcomes of bilateral, same-day laser peripheral iridotomy
(LPI) in the Philadelphia Glaucoma Detection
and Treatment Project.
The Philadelphia Glaucoma Detection
and Treatment Project was a community-based initiative aimed to improve detection, management, treatment, and follow-up care of individuals at high risk for glaucoma. This novel project performed LPI, where 2 eyes received laser therapy on the same day. Of the 1649 patients examined between January 1, 2013 and May 31, 2014, patients who underwent bilateral, same-day LPI were included in our analysis. Main outcome measures were visual acuity, intraocular pressure (IOP), and postoperative complication rates.
A total of 132 eyes of 66 patients underwent bilateral, same-day LPI. Mean visual acuity remained unchanged following treatment (P
=0.85). Eight patients (12.1%) had IOP spikes >5 mm Hg following treatment, and 4 patients (6.1%) spiked >10 mm Hg. IOP returned to normal in all but 1 patient, who was diagnosed with chronic angle-closure glaucoma. Hyphema was reported in 2 patients (3%) and glare in 1 patient (1.5%). Thirteen patients (19.7%) had repeat LPI treatment. All patients successfully tolerated LPI treatment without serious complications.
Performing bilateral, same-day LPI was well tolerated in a large community-based, glaucoma detection
and treatment project. Applying this treatment strategy may be considered in similar settings, where patients’ access to eye care is limited and it may be a cost-effective strategy.