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Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Measurements by Scanning Laser Polarimetry With Enhanced Corneal Compensation in Healthy Subjects

Rao, Harsha, L.*,†; Venkatesh, Chirravuri, R.*; Vidyasagar, Kelli*; Yadav, Ravi, K.*; Addepalli, Uday, K.*; Jude, Aarthi*; Senthil, Sirisha*; Garudadri, Chandra, S.*

doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e318286ffa5
Original Studies
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Purpose: To evaluate the (i) effects of biological (age and axial length) and instrument-related [typical scan score (TSS) and corneal birefringence] parameters on the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements and (ii) repeatability of RNFL measurements with the enhanced corneal compensation (ECC) protocol of scanning laser polarimetry (SLP) in healthy subjects.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 140 eyes of 73 healthy subjects underwent RNFL imaging with the ECC protocol of SLP. Linear mixed modeling methods were used to evaluate the effects of age, axial length, TSS, and corneal birefringence on RNFL measurements. One randomly selected eye of 48 subjects from the cohort underwent 3 serial scans during the same session to determine the repeatability.

Results: Age significantly influenced all RNFL measurements. RNFL measurements decreased by 1 µm for every decade increase in age. TSS affected the overall average RNFL measurement (β=−0.62, P=0.003), whereas residual anterior segment retardance affected the superior quadrant measurement (β=1.14, P=0.01). Axial length and corneal birefringence measurements did not influence RNFL measurements. Repeatability, as assessed by the coefficient of variation, ranged between 1.7% for the overall average RNFL measurement and 11.4% for th nerve fiber indicator.

Conclusions: Age significantly affected all RNFL measurements with the ECC protocol of SLP, whereas TSS and residual anterior segment retardance affected the overall average and the superior average RNFL measurements, respectively. Axial length and corneal birefringence measurements did not influence any RNFL measurements. RNFL measurements had good intrasession repeatability. These results are important while evaluating the change in structural measurements over time in glaucoma patients.

*VST Glaucoma Center

Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Harsha L. Rao, MD, DNB, L V Prasad Eye Institute, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad 500034, Andhra Pradesh, India (e-mail: harsha@lvpei.org; harshalaxmanarao@gmail.com).

Received August 3, 2012

Accepted November 19, 2012

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.