Original StudiesBuccal Mucous Membrane for the Reconstruction of Complicated Leaking Trabeculectomy BlebsRootman, Dan B. MSc, MD*; Kumar, Nikhil L. BMed, MPH*; Rootman, David S. MD, FRCSC†; Trope, Graham E. PhD, MB, FRCSC†Author Information †Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Toronto Western Hospital *Department of Ophthalmology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada Reprints: Graham E. Trope, PhD, MB, FRCSC, Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Toronto Western Hospital, 399 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5 T 2S8 (e-mail: [email protected]). Received for publication January 15, 2009 accepted May 25, 2009 Journal of Glaucoma: April 2010 - Volume 19 - Issue 4 - p 270-274 doi: 10.1097/IJG.0b013e3181aff448 Buy Metrics Abstract Purpose Late onset trabeculectomy bleb leaks often require surgical repair to avoid hypotony and/or infection. Repair using local conjunctiva is typically performed. However, in cases in which local conjunctiva is limited and/or has failed, buccal mucous membrane can be used as a conjunctival substitute. Methods Four cases of buccal mucous membrane repair for leaking trabeculectomy blebs are reported. Surgical technique is described. Results In each case of bleb leak, multiple nonincisional techniques failed to control the leak. In 3 of 4 cases, earlier reconstruction attempts with conjunctival advancement and/or free flaps failed. Each was ultimately repaired with buccal membrane autograft. One case required additional minimally invasive procedures to control postoperative leaking. One case required a second adjacent buccal graft for leaking residual conjunctival bleb. Each graft was functioning well at most recent follow-up ranging from 1 to 17 months. Discussion Buccal membrane is an abundant and effective conjunctival substitute for the repair of recalcitrant leaking trabeculectomy blebs. It may be useful in cases in which earlier conjunctival-based repairs have failed. © 2010 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.