Background and Purpose
Accumulating evidence indicates that a variety of infections contribute to the pathogenesis of glaucoma. The role of Helicobacter pylori infection in glaucoma is controversial.
Prospective, population-based study.
Patients with various types of glaucoma and a control group of patients with cataract.
We evaluated seropositivity to H. pylori and to its cytotoxin-associated gene A (CagA) product in patients with various types of glaucoma and compared the findings to those of a control group of patients with cataract.
H. pylori infection and CagA seropositivity were detected in 31/51 (60.8%) and 26/51 (51%) glaucoma patients compared with 22/36 (61.1%) and 19/36 (52%) control patients, respectively (P=0.88, 0.67, not significant). Similar rates of H. pylori infection and CagA-positive strain were found in all glaucoma subgroups, and none of them was statistically different from those of controls.
Neither H. pylori infection nor seropositivity for virulent CagA-bearing H. pylori strains have significant association with the occurrence of glaucoma of any type.