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Hepatitis B Virus Infection: Fatigue-Associated Illness Experiences Among Koreans

Jang, Yeonsoo, PhD, RN; Boo, Sunjoo, PhD, RN; Yoo, Hyera, PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/SGA.0000000000000335
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Fatigue is one of the most common patient-reported symptoms and can result in poor quality of life in patients with the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Little is known about the characteristics of fatigue in Korean patients with HBV. This study's purpose was to examine fatigue severity and explore health issues associated with fatigue in Korean patients with HBV. A mixed-methods research design was used. Quantitative data on fatigue severity were measured using the revised Piper Fatigue Scale (PFS) with 147 participants. Qualitative data on health issues induced by fatigue were collected via interviews with11 participants. Content analysis revealed three categories of health issues (physical, psychological, and social) and eight subcategories. Participants' overall fatigue level was moderate. The cognitive/mood dimension on the PFS had a significant negative correlation with age. Emotional and psychosocial issues associated with HBV-related fatigue may be more prevalent than physical issues in Korean patients.

Yeonsoo Jang, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, Yonsei University College of Nursing, Mo-Im Kim Nursing Research Institute, Seoul, South Korea.

Sunjoo Boo, PhD, RN, is Assistant Professor, Ajou University College of Nursing, Institute of Nursing Science, Suwon, South Korea.

Hyera Yoo, PhD, RN, is Professor, Ajou University College of Nursing, Institute of Nursing Science, Suwon, South Korea.

Correspondence to: Sunjoo Boo, PhD, RN, Ajou University College of Nursing, Institute of Nursing Science, 206, Worlcup-ro, Yeongtong-gu, Suwon-si, Gyeonggi-do 16499, South Korea (sjboo@ajou.ac.kr).

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by funding from the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean government (NRF-2011-0024717).

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Received July 07, 2015

Accepted July 01, 2016

© 2018 by the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates, Inc.