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Jordanian Critical Care Nurses' Practices Regarding Enteral Nutrition

Hammad, Sawsan Mohammad, MSc, RN; Al-Hussami, Mahmoud, DHSc, PhD; Darawad, Muhammad Waleed, PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/SGA.0000000000000133

In Jordan, there is a gap in literature regarding nurses' practices of enteral nutrition. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess nurses' practices regarding enteral nutrition of critically ill adult patients. A descriptive, cross-sectional design was used to collect data through self-reported questionnaires and descriptive analyses were used to display the results of the study. The results revealed that some aspects of enteral nutrition practices were consistent with the current best evidences such as initiation time of enteral nutrition and backrest elevation. On the contrary, some aspects showed variations and inconsistency with current best evidences such as the amount of high gastric residual volume and its management. Nurses' practices regarding enteral nutrition were not consistent with international guidelines. This inconsistency can predispose patients to underfeeding. Enhancement of research utilization is highly recommended as well as establishing evidence-based guidelines.

Sawsan Mohammad Hammad, MSc, RN, is Clinical Instructor, The University of Jordan, Amman.

Mahmoud Al-Hussami, DHSc, PhD, is Associate Professor, The University of Jordan, Amman.

Muhammad Waleed Darawad, PhD, RN, is Associate Professor, The University of Jordan, Amman.

Correspondence to: Sawsan Mohammad Hammad, MSc, RN, Faculty of Nursing/Community Health Nursing Department, The University of Jordan, Queen Rania Street, 962-6, Amman, Jordan (

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Received March 03, 2013

Accepted October 30, 2013

© 2015 by the Society of Gastroenterology Nurses and Associates, Inc.