Michael Nurok, MBChB, PhD, FCCM,is medicaldirector of the cardiac surgery intensive care unit at Cedars- Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, California.
Jonathan Warsh, PhD,is engagement manager at McKinsey & Company in Washington, DC.
Bruce L. Gewertz, MD, FACS, is surgeon-in-chief, chair of the department of surgery, vice president of interventional services, and vice dean of academic affairs at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
Harry C. Sax, MD, FACS, FACHE, is professor and executive vice chair of the department of surgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.