The implementation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols may optimize the clinical outcome of surgical patients, by reducing the length of hospital stay (LOS) and improving the quality of recovery.
This study aims to evaluate the impact of ERAS protocols in the intraoperative and postoperative course of patients undergoing pelvic floor reconstructive surgery.
A systematic search of PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library was conducted up to January 2022, using the Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses guidelines. Search terms, such as ERAS, urogynecology, sacrocolpopexy were tailored to each database as necessary. Statistical analysis was performed using the RevMan 5.4 software. Confidence intervals (CI) were set at 95%. Mean difference and risk ratio were used in the analysis, and the results were calculated using the random effect model.
Six studies that reported outcomes of 1,153 women were included. The ERAS protocols were implemented in 553 women, whereas the remaining 600 received standard perioperative care. A significantly shorter LOS (mean difference, −16.17 hours; 95% CI, −24.07 to −8.26 hours; P < 0.0001) and a higher proportion of patients discharged within 24 hours postoperatively was observed in ERAS patients compared with non-ERAS controls (risk ratio, 3.08; 95% CI, 2.00–4.75; P < 0.00001). Operative time, estimated blood loss, complications, and readmission rates did not differ between the 2 groups.
Our analysis showed that ERAS protocols have a favorable impact on the perioperative course of urogynecologic populations. More research is required to determine those key components of ERAS protocols, specifically applicable and more beneficial to women with pelvic floor disorders.