The objective of this study was to evaluate the risk of postprocedure urinary tract infection (UTI) after injection of onabotulinum toxin A (BTX-A) in women who had a UTI within 30 days before procedure.
This was a retrospective cohort study of women who underwent their first injection of BTX-A from 2010 to 2016. Two cohorts were identified: (1) recent UTI (within 30 days before injection) and (2) no recent UTI. Our primary outcome was UTI within 90 days after BTX-A. Continuous variables were analyzed using the Wilcoxon rank sum test, and categorical variables were analyzed using Fisher exact or χ2 tests.
One hundred sixty-six women underwent their first BTX-A injection. Twenty-five (15%) had a recent UTI and 141 (85%) did not. Women with a recent UTI were more likely to have a subsequent infection (52% vs 26%, P < 0.01). However, in a logistic regression model, controlling for history of recurrent UTI, age, history of diabetes mellitus, periprocedural antibiotics, and urinary retention requiring catheterization, the association between having a recent UTI, and a subsequent UTI was no longer significant (adjusted odds ratio, 1.98; 95% confidence interval, 0.60–6.50; P = 0.26).
Performing a first injection of BTX-A within 30 days of a UTI does not increase the odds of postprocedure UTI. Therefore, BTX-A therapy does not need to be delayed after a recent UTI.