To describe and compare perioperative complications in women undergoing combined ventral rectopexy with sacrocolpopexy compared with perineal rectopexy with vaginal apical suspension.
Current Procedural Terminology codes were used to identify women in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database who underwent ventral rectopexy with sacrocolpopexy or perineal rectopexy with vaginal apical suspension from 2006 to 2015. Perioperative complication was defined as any of the following within 30 days of surgery: death, return to the operating room, transfusion, or vascular, wound, respiratory, infectious, or renal morbidity. Secondary outcomes included length of hospital stay, operative time, blood loss, readmission, and rate of urinary tract infections. Modified Poisson regression was used to estimate the adjusted relative risks of complication associated with surgical approach, abdominal versus perineal.
Of the 273 women included, 240 (88%) underwent surgery with an abdominal approach, and 33 (12%) underwent surgery with a perineal approach. Perioperative complications occurred in 24 (9%) patients; 19 (8%) in the abdominal group and 5 (15%) in the perineal group. The age-adjusted risk of perioperative complications was not significantly different between those with a perineal approach compared with those with an abdominal approach (adjusted relative risk, 1.78; 95% confidence interval, 0.73–4.33).
Patients in this database who underwent surgery with a vaginal/perineal approach were not more likely to have a postoperative complication after adjusting for age compared with those undergoing an abdominal approach. Larger studies are needed to determine a more precise estimate of the impact of surgical approach on rates of perioperative complications.