CrossFit comprises a set of high-intensity, high-impact exercises that includes movements that may increase intra-abdominal pressure and cause involuntary loss of urine. There is scant literature about the prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) in female crossfitters, as well as its associated factors.
A population-based Internet survey stored in a website created with information on the benefits and risks of CrossFit for women’s health (https://crosscontinencebr.wixsite.com/crosscontinencebr) invited female crossfitters. In total, 551 women answered an online questionnaire, and the demographic variables (age, marital status, and parity), anthropometric data (weight, height, and body mass index), and the presence of UI during exercises were also investigated. The prevalence of UI and its associated factors were calculated using a logistic regression model. The significance level was set at 5%.
The overall prevalence of UI during CrossFit exercises was 29.95%, and most women with UI reported loss of urine during at least one exercise (16.70%). Women with UI were older (33.77 ± 8.03 years) than those without UI (30.63 ± 6.93 years; P < 0.001). Double under (20.15%) and single under (7.99%) were the exercises that were most frequently associated with UI and also the only variables that remained in the final model that caused UI. The duration of CrossFit practice, number of days per week practicing CrossFit, daily time practice, previous vaginal delivery, and mean birth weight were not statistically associated with UI.
One-third of female crossfitters presented with UI during exercise. Double under was the exercise that was the most associated with UI.