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Work and Health Correlates of Sleep Quantity and Quality among Correctional Nurses

doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000233
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PURPOSE: To provide information on a wide range of work and health correlates of sleep quantity and quality in correctional nurses.

LEARNING OBJECTIVES/OUTCOMES: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:

1. Identify potential causes and consequences of short sleep duration or poor sleep quality.

2. Evaluate results from a study on work and health correlates of sleep quantity and quality among correctional nurses.

  1. A 2001 study by Perkins concluded that nurses who slept during the day obtained a maximum of how many hours less sleep than nurses who slept at night?
    1. 2
    2. 3
    3. 4
  2. In a 2011 study by Wagstaff & Sigstad Lie, employees working long or irregular shifts had an increase in accident rates of
    1. 40%.
    2. 50%.
    3. 60%.
  3. Research by Kashani et al. revealed that significantly shorter sleep duration and worse sleep quality was associated with workers’
    1. higher perceived stress.
    2. higher educational levels.
    3. lower levels of experience on the job.
  4. As noted in the article, identified risk factors for reduced sleep quantity and/or quality in other occupational groups or the general population include all of the following except
    1. male sex.
    2. married status.
    3. African American.
  5. Paterson et al. reported that disturbed/reduced sleep was linked to lifestyle factors such as
    1. smoking.
    2. driving more than 45 minutes to work.
    3. using the computer more than 2 hours/day.
  6. Short sleep duration in the study described in this article was defined as <
    1. 6 hours/day.
    2. 7 hours/day.
    3. 8 hours/day.
  7. The Healthy Workplace All Employee Survey used in this study to assess working conditions included
    1. hours worked/day.
    2. social support.
    3. staffing patterns.
  8. The percentage of participants in this study who reported short sleep duration was
    1. 47.8%.
    2. 56.2%.
    3. 67.9%.
  9. Poor sleep quality was reported by a
    1. 31.8% of participants.
    2. 46.9% of participants.
    3. 54.7% of participants.
  10. What percentage of the nurses surveyed reported musculoskeletal disorders that resulted in moderate, severe, or extreme pain?
    1. 41.2%
    2. 67.1%
    3. 84.3%
  11. Bivariate analyses suggested that short sleep duration was associated with which shift?
    1. day
    2. evening
    3. night or rotating
  12. Which marital status was associated with short sleep duration in this study?
    1. married
    2. single
    3. widowed/divorced
  13. Bivariate analyses suggested that poor sleep quality was associated with
    1. older age.
    2. elder care responsibility.
    3. lower education level.
  14. Koffel et al. suggested that there may be a bi-directional relationship between sleep and
    1. age.
    2. burnout.
    3. musculoskeletal disorders.
  15. The meta-analysis by Wu et al. revealed an association between short sleep duration and
    1. depression.
    2. overweight/obesity.
    3. lower family income.
  16. In the 2015 study by Perry et al., sleep problems had a significant impact on nurses’
    1. pain levels.
    2. mental health.
    3. alcohol use.
  17. An organizational strategy that the authors suggest may improve the sleep of correctional nurses is to
    1. establish Employee Assistance Programs.
    2. provide nutritious snacks in the workplace.
    3. arrange for additional supervision of inmates receiving nursing care.
© 2019 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.