Improved access to qualified nurse examiners to perform sexual assault forensic examinations is needed. This integrative review examines the current research literature on synchronous “real-time or live” telehealth support and guidance during pediatric, adolescent, and adult sexual abuse/assault forensic examinations.
Informational databases (CINAHL, Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition, Medline, PsychInfo, and Violence & Abuse Abstracts) were searched, and research articles including live telehealth for sexual assault survivors were reviewed (n = 98).
Review of the articles resulted in the inclusion of seven studies that utilized live video telehealth during the sexual assault forensic examination.
The current research literature supports the premise that synchronous telehealth is a promising modality for this patient population. However, the lack of large comprehensive studies warrants additional research to understand outcomes and develop best practices. Additional research studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness, cost, and criminal justice impact of this intervention.