Initial conceptualizations of violence and trauma in forensic nursing have remained relatively narrowly defined since the specialty's inception. The advent of trauma-informed care
has been important but has limitations that obfuscate social and structural determinants of health, equity, and social justice
. As forensic nursing practice becomes more complex, narrow definitions of violence and trauma limit the effectiveness of trauma-informed care
in its current incarnation. In keeping with the nursing model of holistic care, we need ways to teach, practice, and conduct research that can accommodate these increasing levels of complexity, including expanding our conceptualizations of violence and trauma to advance health equity
and social justice
. The objective of this article is to introduce the concepts of structural violence
and trauma- and violence-informed care
as equity-oriented critical paradigms to embrace the increasing complexity and health inequities facing forensic nursing practice.