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The Suitability of Grounded Theory Research for Correctional Nursing

Dhaliwal, Kirnvir, RN, MN; King-Shier, Kathryn, RN, PhD, FESC; Hirst, Sandra P., RN, PhD, GNC(c)

doi: 10.1097/JFN.0000000000000225
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ABSTRACT The tension between custody and caring is particular to correctional nursing practice, including issues such as the correctional priorities of safety and security that often dominate nursing practice. The evidence that should underlie correctional nursing practice is regrettably sparse. There are two reasons a grounded theory (GT) approach is paramount for building foundational knowledge to advance correctional nursing practice. First, the development of theories regarding correctional nursing practice will provide an in-depth understanding of this subspecialty of nursing and lead to further research endeavors. Second, correctional nursing practice is a process carried out in correctional institutions. The GT approach is “process oriented” and thus is appropriate for exploring the implementation of correctional nursing practice. Two GT approaches have evolved since first described by Glaser and Strauss. We contend that the approach offered by Strauss and Corbin may be more beneficial for studying how correctional nurses implement their practice.

Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary.

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Correspondence: Kirnvir Dhaliwal, RN, MN, Faculty of Nursing, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, Canada T2N 1N4.

Received May 11, 2018; accepted for publication November 6, 2018.

© 2019 by the International Association of Forensic Nurses. All rights reserved.
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